Projects and Publications


Street art Florence, Italy 2017 “Protect me” and exterior of the CJEU (H. Eklund/PDM).


I. EU Law and Access to Justice

Beginning in 2016 the project set out to explore the impact of procedural provisions inserted in EU fundamental rights legislation (in particular non-discrimination law) that are aimed at facilitating access to court in support or on behalf of victims. Investigating specifically the interplay between: 1. ‘collective actors’ understood in the broad sense to cover civil society organisations and independent organisations such as equality bodies intended to represent individuals; 2. the actual litigation on EU fundamental rights law before domestic courts as it unfolds before the CJEU by way of preliminary references; and 3. the rules on access to domestic courts (shaped, to some extent, by EU legislation) as providing legal opportunity structures for preliminary references to the CJEU.

This project was co-run with and funded by Maastricht University, Professor Elise Muir and Professor Bruno De Witte.

Read the outcome of this research here.


II. Equality Law in Europe: A New Generation CJEU Database

Ongoing; please read more.