Equality Law in Europe: A New Generation CJEU Database


Click on the graph to learn more about which discrimination grounds most national courts ask the CJEU preliminary questions…


The Equality Law in Europe: A New Generation project has put together a database on the Court of Justice of the European Union’s (CJEU) discrimination cases between 1970-2018. As of today, the database covers the discrimination grounds of gender, age, race, disability, religion, sexual orientation and ethnicity.

At present the database includes more than 400 cases and is constructed to allow researchers to engage with the dataset in multiple ways. The database allows you to explore which country has been subjected to most infringement procedures, how many preliminary references your EU Member State of interest has sent to the CJEU concerning non-discrimination based on religion, or to get a complete overview of the CJEU’s case law on discrimination based on sexual orientation, to take just a few examples.

With a quick search you can discover that Sweden and Bulgaria have a similar amount of preliminary references in the area of EU non-discrimination law, that the UK referred a very high number of equal treatment cases to the CJEU in the 1980s and 1990s, and that not only women litigate gender equal treatment cases.

You are warmly invited to consult the database and to read the user guide, which will help you get started and learn how to fully explore the resources provided by the database.


Click on the graphs to learn more about which countries ask the CJEU the least preliminary questions about discrimination…